September 20 – December 7 2014
In 2010, a team led by Jack Pettigrew of Queensland University examined a large number of the prehistoric Bradshaw (gwion-gwion) paintings in North-Western Australia, aiming to contribute to the contentious subject of these works’ dating. The study found that the paintings had been colonized by red bacteria and black fungi, a biofilm of ‘living pigments’ whose rejuvenation (cannibalizing on preceding generations) and symbiosis (an exchange of carbohydrates and water) account for the paintings’ chromatic vividness, in spite of the drastic changes in temperature or humidity to which they are exposed. Bacteria and fungi coproduce a process of permanent self-painting, while etching the pictures deeper into rock: eroding the quartz wall in their photosynthesis, the microorganisms preserve the integrity of images by reproducing in situ and creating concave frames for the painted surface. At least 40,000 years old, almost exclusively anthropomorphic, ‘alive,’ the Bradshaw paintings maintain an idiosyncratic pictorial temporality and economy—or ecology—of signification. They are as much a product of prehistory, of a paradigm that pairs life, knowledge, image and world in ways we can only speculate upon, as they are made now, in a radical contemporaneity. What they mean cannot be disentangled from what they are, from the chemical and aesthetic metabolism that regenerates their remarkably fine contours.
Allegory of the Cave Painting takes these paintings as mental model. The project—consisting of an exhibition in two parts and a reader—assembles artworks and theoretical propositions in a polyphonic response to the ‘living pigments,’ their impact on art-historical notions and historical positions, on ideas of contamination and colonization, image and embodiment. Disrupting our imagination of ‘origins’—scenarios of caverns and terror, ciphered intentions and quasi-identities, the Bradshaws challenge a central archaeological metaphor: the inaugural moment of symbolic activity, an awakening where we begin and something that eludes us, that is fundamentally unfamiliar, ends. In other words, they perturb the ways in which modernity frames prehistory as allegorical interlocutor, so that it can establish an uninterrupted descent from it. This rhetorical edifice and constructed inevitability obscures a continuum of zigzagging histories, forgotten technologies and unintended outcomes—a mirror effect between, in the words of David Lewis-Williams, “the mind in the cave” and “the cave in the mind.”
The Extra City segment of the exhibition engages the Bradshaw paintings as an organism that extends across plural temporalities and scales, and reflects on methods of making and thinking about pictures, on the scenographies of light and shadow that accompany myths of the origin of painting and the birth of knowledge. Allegory of the Cave Painting. The Other Way Around, at the Braem Pavilion of the Middelheim Museum, is structured in concentric circles around particular works from the museum’s collection, and dwells on a dialectic of intimacy and comprehension, closeness and opacity, in our relation to artistic objects. The project works through the paradoxical nature of its pretext: ‘art’ and ‘life’ to equal, undecidable extents, conservation and infestation—or contamination as an eminently productive force, reproduction—a word whose two senses overlap here—and intentionality, shared between an anonymous primordial maker and a work that seems to engender itself. It asks if and how these composites, these collaborative contrasts, can be conceived as devices of sense-making, providing an alternative orientation in the thickness of the contemporary. Through juxtapositions within and between the two segments, Allegory of the Cave Painting aims to articulate an allegorical stage where a response can be formulated to what the Bradshaw paintings, from their antipodean distance, might be telling us, to the web of antonyms in which they capture the categories of our thinking about images, materiality and time.
Nina Beier, Jérôme Blumberg, Constantin Brâncuşi, Lonnie van Brummelen & Siebren de Haan, Pavel Büchler, Jeremiah Day, Tacita Dean, Florian Dombois, Harun Farocki, Geert Goiris, Dan Graham, Ilana Halperin, Gary Hill, William Hogarth, Hans van Houwelingen, Ann Veronica Jannsens, Toril Johannessen, Sven Johne, Adrià Julià, Susanne Kriemann, Alon Levin, Frans Masereel, Michèle Matyn, Dóra Maurer, Fabio Mauri, Vincent Meessen, Jacqueline Mesmaeker, Gustav Metzger, Ciprian Mureşan, Rosalind Nashashibi, Tom Nicholson, Navid Nuur, Miklós Onucsán, Susan Schuppli, Erin Shirreff, Paul Sietsema, Jonas Staal, Bernard Voïta, Phillip Warnell, Paola Yacoub, Khadija von Zinnenburg Carroll
To accompany the exhibition, a reader with contributions by Haseeb Ahmed, Christian Bök, Ignacio Chapela, Justin Clemens, Jonathan Dronsfield, Christopher Fynsk, Sean Gurd, Adam Jasper, Anders Kreuger, Susanne Kriemann, Landings (Natasha Ginwala and Vivian Ziherl), Brenda Machosky, Alexander Nagel, Rosalind Nashashibi, Tom Nicholson, Jack Pettigrew, Raphaël Pirenne, Susan Schuppli, Adam Staley Groves, Jonas Tinius, Marina Vishmidt, Christopher Witmore and Khadija von Zinnenburg Carroll, is forthcoming from Mousse Publishing. It is co-edited by Mihnea Mircan and Vincent van Gerven Oei.